What exactly are “points” of a cat and why do they happen?
The body points (ears, face, mask, feet and tail) are darker in color because of a temperature-controlled enzyme. The parts of the body farthest away from the heart are cooler and coat color concentrates in those areas. As a cat ages, the point color continues to darken.
Point coloration is a genetic mutation associated with albinism. Kittens are born pure white and develop the point patterns at a few weeks of age. Pointed cats have blue eyes and when a light is shone on them, the eyes appear red instead of the normal blue or green. The red eye occurs because the back of the eye lacks the necessary pigment.
Point coloration also happens to rabbits, horses and sheep.