Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

AKC Group: Toy

The original Cavalier King Charles Spaniels (they were not known by this name at the time) appeared in paintings from the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries alongside European royalty. King Charles II was usually always seen with his spaniels. They were used to keep fleas off their owners and actually prescribed by doctors to alleviate nerves or stress ailments.

In 1926, an American dog fancier offered a prize at an English dog show for a breeder to produce a toy spaniel with a longer nose than the spaniels seen in the paintings of King Charles II. In 1928, the new “version” of the King Charles Spaniel was unveiled.

Size: 12 to 13 inches, 10 to 20 pounds.

Color: Ruby (solid red), Blenheim (red and white), black and tan or tricolor.

Life span: 10 to 15 years.

Health problems: Luxating patella, cataracts, MVD (mitral valve disease) and retinal disorders. Heart problems are very common in Cavalier King Charles Spaniels.

Cavalier King Charles Spaniels have large eyes. Their coat is long and silky. The ears are large and  hang down the side of his face.

Bred for companionship, these dogs make a perfect companion for families, singles, whomever. Cheerful, good-natured, friendly, obedient, sweet and gentle, the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel loves to play and loves to snuggle. With a Cavalier King Charles, you’ll have a devoted friend for life. They love kids, they love other dogs, they love cats (though they may chase smaller animals or birds), they even like strangers. Some Cavalier King Charles Spaniels may be naturally shy. Early socialization as a pup can help him to overcome that.

Smart and eager to please, training is easy. Focus your attention on discouraging barking and jumping up on people. As a puppy and a toy breed, your biggest challenge will be house-breaking. The only other headache a Cavalier King Charles may cause you is being left alone for long periods. A companion animal will help him alleviate his loneliness.

Brush him three times a week (more during shedding season). Check his ears often (they are extra large and always hang down). Trim the hair around his bottom often (hygienic reasons) and trim his nails when they get too long.


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