Central Asian Shepherd Dog

AKC Group: Foundation Stock Service

The Central Asian Shepherd dates back 5,000 years, making it the oldest known breed in existence today. Unlike most other breeds, they were not created by man or is specific to any certain country. They were created by the climate and terrain where they reside. Presently, most Central Asian Shepherds are found with nomadic tribes that use the dogs to protect their possessions and family or for transportation. The former USSR is credited with standardizing the breed in the 1920s. These dogs are also known as Central Asian Ovcharka.

Size: 25 to 30 inches tall, 90 to 175 pounds

Color: All solid colors with pinto or brindle patterns.

Life span: 12 to 14 years

Health problems: Hip or elbow dysplasia are common due to their extra large size.

The Central Asian Shepherd (CAS) is a large, muscular, Mastiff-type dog. The CAS may have his tail or ears docked; it all depends on where the dog lived. (Some countries such as France, Australia, the Netherlands and more have banned docking and cropping.) Their dense coat is either long- or short-haired. CAS have big bones, wide backs and large chests with powerful shoulder muscles.  The skin on his face is thick and may form into wrinkles.

Calm and independent, a CAS does not back down. They tend to dominate other dogs, are suspicious of strangers and bark actively at night. With their family, there’s a lot of love and affection, but they may require supervision with children (they are large). They get along well with cats or other non-canine pets. With other dogs, they only do well if the other dog doesn’t challenge their authority. They will try to challenge yours, so you’ll need to show them that his human family leads this pack. Training should be consistent, firm and gentle. Early obedience and socialization is essential.

Grooming is super easy. Weeds and brush tend not to get stuck in his heavy, thick coat. Mud, once it dries, can be brushed right out. In the spring a CAS sheds heavily. He needs brushing often to remove the dead hair. The rest of the year, give him a brushing when you think he needs it.


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