AKC Group: Not recognized by the AKC. (The breed is too rare.)
The Chongqing is an ancient natural breed that has been around since the Han Dynasty of ancient China. The breed originated from the province of Chongqing, located in southwest China. They were bred to hunt wild boar and rabbits as well as for protection.
In 1949 with the establishment of the People’s Republic of China, all dog breeds were virtually eliminated. Pets were seen as a mark of capitalism. Anyone allowed to keep a dog had to pay high taxes. Farmers and hunters in remote villages were able to keep this breed alive. Chinese people were allowed to have pets again in the 1980s and the Chongqing has spread back into cities, but (at the moment) the breed remains rare.
Size: 15 to 20 inches tall; 30 to 55 pounds
Color: Deep brown or mahogany
Life span: 18 years
Health problems: Their almost obliteration allowed for careful natural selection due to human hands, so only the healthiest dogs were allowed to breed. Therefore the Chongqing are very healthy. If they are not fed a high quality diet, they can suffer from skin problems due to their short coats. However, it is very rare that they experience any kind of ailment or suffer from any disorder.
Chongqings are medium-sized dogs that are muscular and powerful with an expression of alertness. Their ears are erect. Their teeth should meet in a scissor bite or be slightly undershot and not be visible when the mouth is closed.
The Chongqing is calm, noble, dignified, confident and intelligent. They love to play and be with their family. They are a devoted, affectionate companion and do best with older considerate children. A bonus: a Chongqing seldom barks. With strangers, they are naturally aloof and suspicious. Even worse, it’s natural for them to be extremely protective and they do not hesitate to defend themselves, their family or territory. With other animals, they do well when raised together. The Chongqing needs at least a half hour of exercise every day.
These dogs have easy maintenance: bathe only when necessary. Early socialization and obedience are a must. As a trainer, you’ll need to be assertive yet respectful. Harsh, heavy-handed, punitive or aggressive methods won’t get you anywhere with this breed. If you want a Chongqing to learn and cooperate, you’ll need to be firm, fair, consistent and, did I mention respectful?