AKC Group: Toy
Contrary to their name, the Chinese Crested is believed to have originated from the African Hairless breed. Chinese sailors and merchants saw the breed at African ports and brought the dogs onto their ships to work as ratters. When brought back to China, they were bred with smaller dogs with a greater emphasis on temperament and acquired the name Chinese Hairless or Chinese Crested. The other theory suggests the breed developed among the Aztecs with the Mexican Hairless and Chihuahua.
Size: 11 to 13 inches; 5 to 12 pounds
Color: All patterns and colors
Life span: 13 to 15 years
Health problems: Sensitivity to chemicals or medicines, acne, allergies, dental problems, Legg Perthes, retinal detachment, skin problems. Be mindful of weather conditions. He burns easily in the summer and freezes easily in the winter. You should provide him with a coat or sweater during cool weather.
These small dogs have plenty of affection to give; they adore people. If you have enough time to attend to him and give him enough attention, he’ll flourish. Chinese Crested are not a breed that does well when neglected. Chinese Crested are known as the “Velcro dog.” This breed is spirited cheerful and playful. They live to know what’s going on around them (a little too much sometimes), are intelligent and learn quickly. On the negative side, they can become too independent and stubborn. They’ll keep you entertained: they love to climb, play and perform tricks. They do best with older children that know how to be gentle and get along with other companion animals (though jealousy may flare up). With strangers, a Chinese Crested is reserved and timid. To overcome the timidity and moodiness, socialize him properly from his puppyhood.
The hairless Chinese Crested needs a small amount of oil or lotion massaged into his skin to keep it moisturized. If your Chinese Crested has powder puffs, you’ll need to brush or comb him once or twice weekly. Housebreaking them is easy; Chinese Crested are naturally clean dogs. During cold months, some owners have employed using litter boxes or puppy pads. If a Chinese Crested is nervous or bored, his barking may get out of control. Provide him with plenty of chew toys and avoid leaving him alone for extended periods of time as he can become destructive. His toy size makes it easy to coddle and baby him, but try to avoid it; this won’t help him with his tendency to cling to you. Social time with other dogs, cats, other pets, kids and people are an important component of training and essential to his well being. He is a dog and needs to be treated as such. Chinese Crested dogs love to dig. It’s best to provide him an area of the yard for this purpose. He’ll learn quickly where he can dig and will only dig in that area.