AKC Group: Hound
Artifacts from ancient Egypt depict a dog with short legs. That German breed of dog hunted badger. In German, “dachs” means “badger,” while “hund” means “hound.” The early ancestor of the modern Dachshund was a mix of German, French and English hounds and terriers. The name “Dachshund” first appeared in the 1700s. Over time, the dachshund was bred to be smaller. In fact, today there is even a miniature version of the breed.
Size: Miniature is 5 to 6 inches high and 11 pounds or smaller. The standard dachshund is 8 to 9 inches tall and over 11 pounds, with 16 to 32 pounds being normal.
Color: Solid red, sable or cream; black and tan, chocolate and tan, wild boar and tan, gray and tan or fawn and tan; brindle; single dapple (a lighter coat set against a darker background) or double dapple (single dapple coloring that also incorporates white).
Life span: 12 to 14 years
Health problems: Cataracts, diabetes, epilepsy, spinal problems, luxating patella, progressive retinal atrophy, elbow dysplasia or obesity.
Also known as the “sausage dog,” Dachshunds have low, elongated bodies. A Dachshund is a muscular, sturdy built dog that have sweet and eager expressions. There are three varieties of Dachshund — the long-haired, the short-haired and the wire-haired. The short-haired (also referred to as smooth-haired) Dachshund has a short, dense, smooth coat. The long-haired variety has a soft, long, slightly wavy coat. The wire-haired Dachshund has a harsh, short, wiry coat.
The Dachshund is a lively, sweet, loyal dog that makes a wonderfully devoted companion for the right person. The right person is someone who has the right amount of time for a Dachshund; they need love, attention and companionship. It’s worth it, though. If you give it, you’ll get it back. A Dachshund is an adaptable, intelligent, sociable dog. He is a fast learner, eager to please, but can be possessive of his toys and food (and space). Dachshunds tend to get along better with older (gentle) children. Dachshunds make great friends for other Dachshunds and require early socialization to get along with other pets. With strangers, a Dachshund’s innate personality (and coat variety) will determine the outcome — some Dachshunds are fine while others are reserved. The long-haired Dachshunds appear to be the most gentle and friendly of the three. Dachshunds love to dig, so provide him with another option of you value your landscaping. A Dachshund is a sensitive dog. Don’t tease and taunt and don’t handle them roughly. If you have boisterous youngsters, you’ll need to teach them how to gently play with your Dachshund.
Your smooth-haired Dachshund is the easiest to care for while the long- or wire-haired require more attention. These two need brushing twice a week. Occasionally, they will need to be trimmed and clipped. Dachshunds need a firm, consistent trainer that can move them beyond their stubbornness. Early socialization is vital to help them overcome their natural aloofness. Try to diminish their affinity for excessive barking and discourage jumping up on people. To housebreak, crate training works great with a Dachshund.