AKC Group: Toy
The English Toy Spaniels came from Asians spaniels and Pugs. They were developed in the British Isles to hunt woodcock. Instead, British royalty took a liking and they moved exclusively indoors. English Toy Spaniels are still a favorite pet in England today.
In the 19th century, breeding programs developed to give the breed a flatter, more upturned face with more protruding eyes. From these programs, the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel was also developed.
Size: 10 to 11 inches tall; 8 to 14 pounds
Color: The Ruby is solid red. The King Charles is black and tan. The Prince Charles is tricolor. The Blenheim is red and white.
Life span: 10 to 12 years
Health problems: Cataracts, luxating patella, hernia, heart problems, allergies, sensitivity to chemicals or medications, respiratory problems from their short muzzles. Toy Spaniels can experience heatstroke during extreme warm summer temperatures.
The English Toy Spaniel has a long, silky coat and long, silky (spaniel) ears that hang down the sides of their face. Though small, English Toy Spaniels are sturdy dogs but look super-fragile due to their size. English Toy Spaniels are unassuming, sweet, friendly dogs. They are playful, but not demanding. They like to exercise, but also adore being pampered and fussed over. They prefer older, considerate children because they don’t like teasing or rough-handling. Young children tend to overwhelm them. They tend to like other pets but are reserved with strangers. They learn quickly and are naturally obedient, though they can be stubborn.
Brush his coat twice weekly to keep him tangle free and glossy looking. When he’s shedding heavily, he’ll require more time with the brush. Check his ears often and trim his bottom hair as needed. To help him overcome his shyness, socialize him early. For housebreaking, crate training can save you a lot of heartache — and stop him from establishing a spot that goes unnoticed in the house. During seasons of extreme temperatures (or if you live in a high-rise), many owners prefer to paper train. Both options work well for English Toy Spaniels. The only other problems he will present to you are leash training (start early and have patience) and his natural hunting instincts (he will usually chase birds so don’t let him off the leash and discourage it).