Field Spaniel

AKC Group: Sporting

The Field Spaniel comes from England, descending from the English Cocker Spaniel. The Field Spaniel makes a good bird dog and can make a decent watchdog.

Size: 16 to 19 inches high; 30 to 45 pounds

Color: Black, liver, golden liver, bicolored, roan or ticked patterns in white areas. Tan points are allowed as is white on the throat, chest or brisket.

Life span: 12 to 14 years

Health problems: Cataracts, thyroid issues, progressive retinal atrophy, hip dysplasia.

Field Spaniels are medium sized dogs with sturdy builds and an eager expression. Their silky coat is long, flat and glossy. His long silky ears frame his face. The Field Spaniel is a docile, graceful dog that is intelligent, responsive and affectionate. They are gentle, eager to please, enthusiastic and make a great family pet. Active and energetic, a Field Spaniel loves to play, exercise and join in on any active activity. Sociable and friendly, whatever your level of dog experience, a Field Spaniel is an ideal choice. They get along well with all children, but do not like rough handling. He can get along with other companion animals and even strangers. Some Field Spaniels have an independent streak that will require confidence and assertiveness when training. For the most part, a Field Spaniel is easy to train.

Field Spaniels are medium to heavy shedders. His coat needs to be brushed every other day. During shedding season, the coat will require more maintenance. Trim any straggly hairs and check his ears often to ensure they’re clean and dry.

If you handle your Field Spaniel too roughly he will withdraw. A Field Spaniel puppy can be especially shy or timid so establish your bond first. Field Spaniels tend to bark after even the slightest interruption, so try to find a quiet, non-threatening environment to train in. Socialization will help your puppy overcome his shyness, making dog parks are an essential building block in his training. This social time can reduce aggression in his later years. As a natural hunter, retriever and tracker, any time you can put his natural skills to use, your Field Spaniel will be grateful. A Field Spaniel can develop a close attachment to only one person, so involve all family members in his training. Field Spaniels learn new tricks and skills easily so he won’t have a problem with varied training methods. If you’re looking for a watchdog, you can easily train a Field Spaniel for this task.


LaPerms have a luxurious curly coat, whiskers and eyebrows. They may look slight, but they don’t feel like it. Pick up a LaPerm, and you’ll feel their heft.

LaPerm heads are modified wedges with rounded contours. They have medium-long necks. The ears slightly flare and are medium to large in size. They are rounded at the tips and feature lynx tipping. Their eyes are medium-large. They appear almond-shaped when the LaPerm is relaxed and are rounder when the cat is alert. The legs are medium-long to match their body and the hind legs are slightly longer than the forelegs. The tail tapers and the long-haired LaPerm tail is curly and plumed. The short-haired LaPerm’s tail resembles a bottle brush. Adult males weigh 7 to 10 pounds. Females are 5 to 8 pounds. Males mature between two and three years, females mature slightly sooner.

The LaPerm coat is soft, springy, free of matting and stands away from its body in waves or ringlet curls. (The curls are obviously preferred.) Long-haired LaPerms have an almost unkempt appearance. The short-haired LaPerm’s tail is not plumed, but may be wavy.

In the summer of 1982, on an Oregon cherry orchard, Speedy, a gray tabby barn cat gave birth to six kittens. One of these kittens was completely bald. She weighed less than her littermates and had a longer body and larger ears. Her female owner thought she was the ugliest kitten in the world and didn’t hold out much hope for her survival.

However, the kitten thrived and at 8 weeks of age, soft, curly hair sprouted and the kitten was dubbed Curly. As Curly grew, her personality began to emerge and her female owner became quite enamored with her. When Curly’s first litter was born, her five male kittens were all bald and soon grew curly hair. (The LaPerm’s coat gene is dominant meaning only one parent needs to possess the appropriate gene.) Soon, these five males began to procreate and their owner acquired the subsequent kittens and a breed was born. The owner contributed nothing to the effort, she simply let nature take its course.

In 1992, she took her LaPerms to a CFA show in Portland, Oregon. Receiving an enthusiastic response, she set up a cattery and began a breeding program.

By nature, LaPerms are gentle and affectionate. As long as a LaPerm is in a consistent, loving human relationship, a LaPerm will blossom; they love nothing more than cuddling. They will want to be involved in whatever their humans are doing. Curious, inquisitive, they even do well in apartments — as long as they receive enough love and pampering. They are not above hitching a ride on your shoulder.

LaPerms are usually quiet, but will speak up when they have something to say. Occasionally, you may be able to have a quiet chat with him, as long as you do most of the talking.

Grooming is limited to once a week for long-haired LaPerms or every other week for the short-haired.


AKC Group: Foundation Stock Service

Eurasiers come from Germany. Julius Wipfel, Charlotte Baldamus (and a small group of enthusiasts) wanted to combine the best qualities of the Chow Chow and the Wolfspitz. Initially known as the Wolf Chow, after the Samoyed was introduced into the breeding mix, the breed was renamed Eurasier to emphasize that these dogs originate from European and Asian breeds.

Size: 15 to 25 inches tall; 40 to 70 pounds

Color: Fawn; red; wolf-gray; solid black or black and tan.

Life span: 11 to 13 years

Health problems: Inbreeding was an initial problem, which is why Samoyeds were added into the breeding pool. Problems from inbreeding that are continually watched for (and trying to be obliterated) are hemolytic anemia (an abnormal breakdown of red blood cells) and progressive retinal atrophy. Hip dysplasia is seen occasionally.

Eurasiers (or Eurasians) are medium-sized, Spitz-type dogs with prick ears. They have thick undercoats over a medium-long, loosely-lying outer coat. The hair on their muzzle, face, ears and legs is short. The tail and back of the front and hind legs feathers due to the long hair. The neck hair should be longer than their body hair, but should not appear mane-like. Eurasiers can have a pink, blue-black or spotted tongue.

The Eurasier is a calm, quiet, friendly, even-tempered companion. He is affectionate and loyal to his family, yet reserved and shy with strangers (but not aggressive or timid). Socialize to other people (and dogs) early on. The Eurasier is intelligent and a quick learner. Eurasiers excel at agility activities. Playful, they’ll get along great with kids. Eurasiers usually only bark when something or someone is unfamiliar.

Eurasiers do not respond to ruthless or harsh discipline. Softly reprimand, be firm, fair and consistent. Try to vary training sessions, Eurasiers can become bored when training is repetitive. If he’s stubborn, try to be firmer, he may think that you’re too meek or passive. Eurasiers respond well to training, they do love it. Brush him regularly, but not excessively.