AKC Group: Terrier
Jack Russell Terriers seem to have originated from the Oxford area of England. White fox-working terriers were first bred by Reverend John Russell. It is unlikely that today’s Jack Russell Terriers are direct descendants of those terriers, but they were used to hunt small game and to dig out dens.
Size: 10 to 15 inches; 14 to 18 pounds
Color: Black; tan; brown/tan; black/brown; tan/red or white/tan.
Life span: 15+ years
Health problems: Dislocation of the kneecaps, inherited eye problems, deafness, Legg Perthes.
Jack Russell Terriers are vocal, alert, bold little dogs. They are extremely affectionate and playful. They ADORE attention. They require plenty of exercise and are happiest with a job or task. They can be scrappy with other canines, but can be socialized to downplay this. Courageous, they refuse to back down from a fight. Jack Russells are intelligent yet stubborn. From you, they need consistency and firm guidance. This is also a breed that is easily distracted. They need to know that you’re the one in charge. Obedience training is highly recommended as is early socialization.
Typically, a Jack Russell Terrier has a white body with a head that narrows to their eyes and is slightly flat between their ears. They have a scissor bite with a black nose. Their eyes are almond shaped and dark colored. Small V-shaped ears sit forward on their head. Comb and brush him regularly with a firm bristle brush. Bathe only when necessary.