AKC Group: Toy
The Miniature Pinscher is a German breed and is unrelated to the Doberman, despite the fact that they look identical (except for their size). Miniature Pinschers developed from terrier breeds, including the German Pinscher and the Italian Greyhound, even the Dachshund. The Doberman was bred to look like the Miniature Pinscher and not the other way around. (Pinscher in German means terrier.)
Size: 10 to 12.5 inches high; 8 to 10 pounds
Color: Clear red, stag red, chocolate and blue; black and tan.
Life span: 12 to 14 years
Health problems: Luxating patella, Legg Perthes, skin problems, cataracts and progressive retinal atrophy.
The Miniature Pinscher is a small athletic dog. They are compact with an alert and inquisitive expression. Folded ears give the Miniature Pinscher a softer look, but ears can also be erect which leads more to an alert looking dog. The coat is close-fitting, short and sleek. Tails are usually docked. A tapered narrow head contains dark oval eyes. The forelegs and hind legs move in parallel. Brush your Miniature Pinscher occasionally and wipe down with a damp cloth to keep his coat looking sleek.
A fun loving dog, a Miniature Pinscher has plenty of courage and enthusiasm for everything he does. These spirited dogs can be difficult to train and are better suited to experienced owners. They are intelligent and quick learners though. They have no problem to sound the alarm. They may be territorial and dominant and housebreaking may pose a problem too. Miniature Pinschers love to play and exercise and have very high levels of energy. They can be clingy, thriving on love and affection. They cannot abide rough treatment by exuberant children or trainers (so keep your training methods positive). They are often wary of strangers and not always tolerant of companion animals. Ensure that your Miniature Pinscher has a secure yard as they enjoy escaping and are great at climbing. (A mini Houdini?) Training should be firm and consistent. (Once successfully trained, they make an exceptional family pet.) They must always understand that you are the “alpha.” You can tell if they are loyal to you and seek your approval. Never laugh at misbehavior as they do seek out your amusement. Early socialization can help to nix many unpleasant behaviors in the bud. Crate training works best to housebreak. Discourage barking.