AKC Group: Working
situation. To train a Leonberger, you must be patient. Never be harsh with this gentle giant. Socialize and train as early as you can, his size will make late training to correct established problems difficult.
AKC Group: Working
Originating from Munich, the Giant Schnauzer is the largest member of the Schnauzer breed. They were used to drive cattle, or to herd and guard sheep. They are still used by the police and military to guard to this day. The Giant Schnauzer is believed to be crossed with Bouviers, Great Danes and Shepherd breeds. “Schnauze” is German for beard.
Size: 23 to 26 inches high; 60 to 100 pounds
Color: Solid black or salt and pepper
Life span: 12 to 15 years
Health problems: Glaucoma, heart problems, epilepsy, progressive retinal atrophy, hip dysplasia, osteochondritis dissecans (OCD), allergies or skin problems.
The Giant Schnauzer is a spirited, lively dog with plenty of stamina. They are loyal and protective, courageous and eager. Some Giant Schnauzers may have a more laidback streak. Intelligent and high energy, you’ll need to give him enough physical and mental stimulation. The Giant Schnauzer learns quickly, but may be a little too determined making training difficult — but not impossible. Though he may outsize them, Giant Schnauzers get along with kids. They accept other playmates, but may too domineering or aggressive with a same sex canine. Generally a people dog, a stranger will probably beg to differ.
The Giant Schnauzer coat is hard and wiry. They sport a cute beard, wise expression and a sturdy build. Grooming requires much attention, so be prepared before you bring this puppy home. He will need frequent regular brushings. His beard should be cleaned daily, his bottom hair should be kept trim; both for hygenic reasons. He’ll also need frequent clipping (about every few months) to avoid looking straggly.
The Giant Schnauzer is easily trainable, though his personality requires consistent and firm training. They require lots of socialization to avoid domineering others. Also take care to avoid him developing food and/or object aggression. This can be easily done by petting him as he eats or plays. They love to learn new skills, so feel free to give him a vast education. It’s especially common for them to bond to one family member. All family members should actively train and feed them. They may still favor one member, but you’re doing all you can and that’s all you can ask for. Begging should be strictly discouraged because once he’s full grown, stealing off your dinner plate will be easy. Crating while you’re away and he’s alone may keep him out of trouble. If you’re afraid of boredom, give him a toy or a peanut butter kong. He’ll be happy until you come home.
AKC Group: Foundation Stock Service
Eurasiers come from Germany. Julius Wipfel, Charlotte Baldamus (and a small group of enthusiasts) wanted to combine the best qualities of the Chow Chow and the Wolfspitz. Initially known as the Wolf Chow, after the Samoyed was introduced into the breeding mix, the breed was renamed Eurasier to emphasize that these dogs originate from European and Asian breeds.
Size: 15 to 25 inches tall; 40 to 70 pounds
Color: Fawn; red; wolf-gray; solid black or black and tan.
Life span: 11 to 13 years
Health problems: Inbreeding was an initial problem, which is why Samoyeds were added into the breeding pool. Problems from inbreeding that are continually watched for (and trying to be obliterated) are hemolytic anemia (an abnormal breakdown of red blood cells) and progressive retinal atrophy. Hip dysplasia is seen occasionally.
Eurasiers (or Eurasians) are medium-sized, Spitz-type dogs with prick ears. They have thick undercoats over a medium-long, loosely-lying outer coat. The hair on their muzzle, face, ears and legs is short. The tail and back of the front and hind legs feathers due to the long hair. The neck hair should be longer than their body hair, but should not appear mane-like. Eurasiers can have a pink, blue-black or spotted tongue.
The Eurasier is a calm, quiet, friendly, even-tempered companion. He is affectionate and loyal to his family, yet reserved and shy with strangers (but not aggressive or timid). Socialize to other people (and dogs) early on. The Eurasier is intelligent and a quick learner. Eurasiers excel at agility activities. Playful, they’ll get along great with kids. Eurasiers usually only bark when something or someone is unfamiliar.
Eurasiers do not respond to ruthless or harsh discipline. Softly reprimand, be firm, fair and consistent. Try to vary training sessions, Eurasiers can become bored when training is repetitive. If he’s stubborn, try to be firmer, he may think that you’re too meek or passive. Eurasiers respond well to training, they do love it. Brush him regularly, but not excessively.
AKC Group: Working
Created from German Pinschers, Rottweilers, Beauceron, Pinschers, Greyhounds, English Greyhounds and German Shepherds. German tax collector, Louis Doberman wanted a watchdog that looked like a miniature Pinscher. After Doberman’s death in 1894, this new breed was given his name.
Size: 24 to 28 inches tall; 65 to 90 pounds
Color: Black, red, blue or fawn. All colors have tan markings.
Life span: 10 to 12 years
Health problems: Cancer, bloat, thyroid problems, liver problems, spinal problems.
The Doberman is a powerful, athletic dog that possess great agility, stamina and endurance. These handsome fellas have a close fitting, smooth, short coat. Their ears may be cropped to stand erect, otherwise they will hang down. Despite their reputation, Dobermans are devoted, adoring dogs with plenty of love to give. They are an intelligent, creative quick learner that possess an even temperament. In fact, a Doberman is one of the most intelligent and fastest learning breeds of dog. A Doberman excels at obedience training assuming the training is positive and includes treats and/or praise. They can be stubborn, so he’ll need to know you’re the boss. They do not take kindly to teasing and rough treatment. Dobermans require much physical and mental stimulation so he won’t become bored or restless which will lead to numerous behavioral issues. If you raise your children alongside a Doberman puppy, they’ll be the best of friends. If not, be mindful of your Doberman’s size. Other pets won’t pose a problem, but he may be bossy and dominant and even chase them. (This can be rectified by early socialization as a puppy.) He is reserved with strangers (socialization can help here too). The reason to never be rough or punitive, a Doberman is naturally fearless and protective and will not back down and fight if he’s provoked. His effectiveness as a watchdog and his fearlessness have created the Doberman’s reputation. Make no mistake: a Doberman makes a loving, wonderful pet as long as he is socialized properly as a puppy and trained positively.
With a naturally sleek coat, all you have to do is brush him occasionally. You’ll spend more time sponging him with a damp cloth than you will with a brush. They do shed seasonally so you’ll need to ramp up grooming sessions during these times. A Doberman is not a dog for the meek of heart — or the inexperienced. Their personality is dominant due to their size and strength. They are naturally assertive and, contrary to popular belief, they only become aggressive when trained to be aggressive (and this cannot be said or stressed enough). If you’re afraid or not assertive enough yourself, a Doberman is happy to stay the “alpha” in your relationship.
Early socialization to new people, situations and other animals are imperative. They love activity, don’t be afraid to give them plenty of opportunities to wear themselves out. Whatever you can dish out, they can take it. Training should include all members of the family. All training sessions should include ONLY positive reinforcements. If you end up having any issues training him, you aren’t being assertive enough. If you aren’t being aggressive with your Doberman, THERE IS NO REASON to fear him. When a Doberman is trained with positivity and respect, there is almost no better family dog. They want to be with you and they want to show you their love. A Doberman — again, contrary to popular belief — is not the best dog to live his life outside in your yard away from the human loving interaction he craves.
AKC Group: Hound
Artifacts from ancient Egypt depict a dog with short legs. That German breed of dog hunted badger. In German, “dachs” means “badger,” while “hund” means “hound.” The early ancestor of the modern Dachshund was a mix of German, French and English hounds and terriers. The name “Dachshund” first appeared in the 1700s. Over time, the dachshund was bred to be smaller. In fact, today there is even a miniature version of the breed.
Size: Miniature is 5 to 6 inches high and 11 pounds or smaller. The standard dachshund is 8 to 9 inches tall and over 11 pounds, with 16 to 32 pounds being normal.
Color: Solid red, sable or cream; black and tan, chocolate and tan, wild boar and tan, gray and tan or fawn and tan; brindle; single dapple (a lighter coat set against a darker background) or double dapple (single dapple coloring that also incorporates white).
Life span: 12 to 14 years
Health problems: Cataracts, diabetes, epilepsy, spinal problems, luxating patella, progressive retinal atrophy, elbow dysplasia or obesity.
Also known as the “sausage dog,” Dachshunds have low, elongated bodies. A Dachshund is a muscular, sturdy built dog that have sweet and eager expressions. There are three varieties of Dachshund — the long-haired, the short-haired and the wire-haired. The short-haired (also referred to as smooth-haired) Dachshund has a short, dense, smooth coat. The long-haired variety has a soft, long, slightly wavy coat. The wire-haired Dachshund has a harsh, short, wiry coat.
The Dachshund is a lively, sweet, loyal dog that makes a wonderfully devoted companion for the right person. The right person is someone who has the right amount of time for a Dachshund; they need love, attention and companionship. It’s worth it, though. If you give it, you’ll get it back. A Dachshund is an adaptable, intelligent, sociable dog. He is a fast learner, eager to please, but can be possessive of his toys and food (and space). Dachshunds tend to get along better with older (gentle) children. Dachshunds make great friends for other Dachshunds and require early socialization to get along with other pets. With strangers, a Dachshund’s innate personality (and coat variety) will determine the outcome — some Dachshunds are fine while others are reserved. The long-haired Dachshunds appear to be the most gentle and friendly of the three. Dachshunds love to dig, so provide him with another option of you value your landscaping. A Dachshund is a sensitive dog. Don’t tease and taunt and don’t handle them roughly. If you have boisterous youngsters, you’ll need to teach them how to gently play with your Dachshund.
Your smooth-haired Dachshund is the easiest to care for while the long- or wire-haired require more attention. These two need brushing twice a week. Occasionally, they will need to be trimmed and clipped. Dachshunds need a firm, consistent trainer that can move them beyond their stubbornness. Early socialization is vital to help them overcome their natural aloofness. Try to diminish their affinity for excessive barking and discourage jumping up on people. To housebreak, crate training works great with a Dachshund.
AKC Group: Working
Boxers originated from Germany and the now-extinct breed Bullenbeisser which used to take down, deer, wild boar and bears. Boxers were often found as guard dogs or wartime couriers.
Size: 21 to 25 inches, 55 to 70 pounds
Color: The under color should be tan or brindle with white markings.
Life span: 9 to 11 years
Health problems: Bloat, colitis, cancer, respiratory problems, thyroid problems, heart problems. Due to their short muzzles, guard against strenuous exercise or he may have respiratory troubles. His short coat leaves him open to sun or heat stroke.
Boxers are square-shaped dogs with strong, athletic limbs and carry themselves with dignity and grace. You’ll most likely be able to tell what he’s feeling by looking at his expression. If his ears have been cropped, a Boxer will have erect ears. They have a blunt muzzle, a short, sleek coat and distinctive drooping jowls.
A Boxer is friendly, playful and craves affection — don’t worry he’ll give it back to you. If you want a people loving dog full of spunk, get thineself a Boxer. He will calm as he ages, so be prepared. He will remain loyal and playful, so fear not. Some Boxers are stubborn and extra animated. All of them are protective by nature. They get along well with children of all ages and will play for hours. Just remember, Boxers are a large breed of dog to have around youngsters. If your Boxer has been properly socialized, he can get along with other companion animals. (Some may be aggressive to other dogs of the same sex.) Boxers may be wary of strangers or pretty welcoming — it depends on their individual personalities.
Highly intelligent with a touch of stubbornness, training is challenging at times. Whether you’re an experienced or novice dog owner, you need confidence and assertiveness to be successful in training him. Training should begin the day you bring him home. As the age — and grow — their natural headstrong nature kicks in even before they’re out of puppyhood! Punishment will get you nowhere with this breed; consistency, positive reinforcement, treating and praise is all you need. When considering getting a Boxer, check out the personality of his parents. If he’s hyperactive by nature, you can’t train that out of him. You’ll have to resort to exhausting him to get him to focus. (How can you then turn around and try to train an exhausted dog? Exactly. Impossible!) Crating will work as long as you find one large enough for him to stand and turn around in. Boxers want to please, but you’ll need to show them why it’s good to follow the commands. Aggressiveness isn’t an issue, mostly Boxers are enthusiastic and overly anxious.
His sleek, tight coat requires very little attention. Brush him occasionally to remove the dead hair. During shedding season, you may need to brush more. Keep an eye on his nails.